Restoring Representation is the Answer!

…Marley was dead. This must be distinctly understood, or nothing wonderful can come of the story I am going to relate.—A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

Representation is dead.

I am confident if we fix representation then we can fix everything in government that can be fixed.

Most people throughout history have been slaves to feudal or monarchical forms of government. Colonial America enjoyed the blessings of self government but still felt it a privilege to serve their King.

Citizens had access to their local representatives, who were often trusted men of virtue and wisdom.

Although there were always issues to endure, when the monarchy and its parliament decided to punish their misbehaved children in America, and after petitioning many times for reasonable redress, the colonials rightly rebelled.

Free to Innovate

After defeating the most powerful army in the world, our Founding Fathers were free to innovate to create a new government, not one where the people serve the government, but where the government serves the people.

Imagine you represent your colony as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787. There you study histories of governments that deteriorated and failed.

Creating Representation for States

It is proposed that two senators be elected from each state by their state legislatures. Larger states with greater populations want more senators but that doesn’t work for small states. No problem—just create a House of Representatives where the people can be represented.

But wait—after combining colonies, representatives may have less time as a member of the future United States House of Representatives.

So how many citizens can one representative serve?”—One thousand, five thousand, ten thousand? How about fifty thousand? No, that’s too many. After weeks of discussion, the delegates decide on thirty thousand. That feels good.

One representative per thirty thousand citizens—That feels good!

What happens when your district reaches 30,001 citizens? Should you immediately hold another election and vote in another representative? Delegates decide to re-evaluate the number of representatives after each federal census which will be conducted every ten years.

Fast Forward to 2014

Representation is dead.

The 17th amendment damaged state representation, and upset the checks and balances. Before 1913, senators were appointed by their state legislatures to whom they were accountable, and cast the legislature’s vote in the U.S. Senate. Now they are voted in by the people. They also spend lots of time fundraising from special interest groups who influence their votes.

The Federal Reserve, owned by private shareholders, is the most powerful entity in the nation. Their total assets as of December 31, 2013, were $4.0 trillion, which is an increase of $1.1 trillion over the balance on December 31, 2012.2

What went wrong and how can we fix it?

The Panic of 1907

Banking firms fail. Depositors rush to withdraw their money. People fear the crisis will spread and plunge the nation into a deeper recession. Banker J.P. Morgan and friends save the day by offering loans. They alone decide which banks fail or survive.1

In 1908 Congress created The National Monetary Commission to study the central banks of Europe, the very banking systems that impoverished Western Europe, and from which our Founding Fathers freed our nation.

Creating a Privately-Held National Bank

J.P. Morgan and friends knew a privately-held national bank wouldn’t easily be accepted. It had been tried twice before in America and failed.

The greatest party battle centered around the Second Bank of the United States, a private corporation but virtually a Government-sponsored monopoly. When Jackson appeared hostile toward it, the Bank threw its power against him.

Clay and Webster, who had acted as attorneys for the Bank, led the fight for its recharter in Congress. “The bank,” Jackson told Martin Van Buren, “is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!” Jackson, in vetoing the recharter bill, charged the Bank with undue economic privilege.4

After the Titanic sank in 1912, citizens mourned. With their guard down, few Americans were unaware that Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act which was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on December 23, 1913, establishing the Federal Reserve Bank5—owned and run by a small group of private shareholders.

This time there is no expiration or repeal date. As stated in the law itself, the Federal Reserve Act can only be repealed, amended, or altered by the Congress.6

It has endured because representation was broken: As the country’s population grew, the House of Representatives no longer represented the people. Citizens no longer had a voice in government. Senators no longer represented their state legislatures and could vote in opposition to them.

Rescuing the U.S. Constitution

I am confident if we fix representation then we can fix everything in government that can be fixed. We can do it right here in Utah and enjoy the blessings of maximum freedom and liberty.

See my articles on representation including:


1 The Jekyll Island duck hunt that created the Federal Reserve

2 Quarterly Report on Federal Reserve Balance Sheet Developments, March 2014

3 Documents of the National Monetary Commission

4 Andrew Jackson,

5Records of the Federal Reserve System

6 Is the Federal Reserve Act going to expire?. See also Section 31. Reservation of right to amend