Immediately following the 52-word preamble to the U.S. Constitution, the Founding Fathers carefully choose their very first word—All:
All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.1
The 1828 Webster’s Dictionary defines all as “Every one, or the whole number of particulars; The whole quantity, extent, duration, amount, quality, or degree; Wholly; completely; entirely.”2
If we substitute those definitions back into the Founder’s statement, it should be absolutely clear that only Congress can make laws.
The Founding Fathers created three distinct branches of government. The separation of powers and checks and balances worked beautifully.